All along the family life cycle, there are fresh challenges such as:
- the arrival of the second child may trigger anxiety and jealousy in the first child;
- children going to school for the first time can be a very anxious transition for parents, the mother in particular may experience significant loss and grief, possibly triggering school phobia in the child;
- the stress and pressures of adolescence impacting on the parents;
- the emptiness and loss of meaning when the last child leaves home and mum and dad for the first time in many years finding themselves having to relate to each other intimately without their children to focus on, can be very threatening.